The human eyes are the most important part of their body as they enable them to see the beauty of the world. All good and bad things, small and big things, major and minor changes can be observed with eyes. Thus, eyes hold a great significance to all. This can be understood best by a blind. There are various diseases that are related to eyes too such as poor vision, cataract, conjunctivitis, retinopathy so on and so forth. One of such diseases is ptosis. Ptosis is the fall in eyelids of humans naturally. With this, they face problem in vision. The ones suffering from ptosis have to tilt their head upwards to make it possible for them to see. Whereas, some are unable to see anything even then. The eyes appear to be partially or almost fully closed.
CAUSES OF PTOSIS
There are various possible causes of ptosis which are mentioned below:
- It can be present from birth or can develop with growing age.
- It can be also caused due to some injury, cataract surgery or other surgery for treatment of eyes.
- When the muscles that lift eyelids suffer from some issue, ptosis occurs.
- Some other medical conditions such as diabetes, eye tumor or neurological disorder can be responsible for drooping eyelids.
The best possible treatment for ptosis is surgery. Under this surgery, the surgeon tightens the levator muscles. With this, the drooping eyelids are corrected and the vision is improved. There are also some cases where levator muscles become extremely weak. In such cases, the surgeon attaches the eyelids below the forehead. Thus, forehead muscles do the work of lifting the eyelids and the drooping eyelids are corrected.
POSSIBLE ASSOCIATED RISKS
The surgery does not come without a cost. There are various risks related to this surgery.
- Infection: there can be an infection in the eyes but it is temporary.
- Loss of asymmetry of eyelids: the original asymmetry of eyelids is generally lost.
- Recorrection by additional surgery: sometimes, there can be nee of additional surgery if it is corrected properly in the first.
- Bleeding: rare bleeding can also occur which vanishes frequently.
- Reduced vision: the vision is reduced for a short period of time.
- Loss of full eye movement: the eye movement takes time to adjust after surgery and there is a lesser movement of eyes.
- Dryness: dryness can be felt by some due to surgery.
- Overcorrection or undercorrection: sometimes, there can be a correction that is more than required or less than needed.
All in all, ptosis treatment is successful only with the help of a surgery. It must be ensured that the surgeon is experienced and the surgery is not undergone under a new surgeon. It is better to ask the surgeon the number of surgeries performed by him/her. Additionally, the reviews can be taken from the patients before undergoing the surgery. Eyes are a very sensitive part of the body and a wrong surgery can lead to loss of vision for the entire life. Thus, it is very important to be very careful while making a choice for the right eye surgeon.